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The Fourth State Level Science and Mathematics Teachers' Congress 2019


Science and Mathematics teachers across the State of Maharashtra, develop their own innovative methods of teaching in the classrooms. They develop experiments, models, tables, charts and pictures. With the advancement of technology, they also develop websites, form groups like whatsapp and use social media like Facebook, Twitter etc. However, it is observed that despite all this, they hardly make use of these social media to share their innovations in teaching methods with their fellow teachers, with the result, their innovative methods of teaching do not get exchanged with the other teachers.

Marathi Vidnyan Parishad, a knowledge institution (ज्ञान संस्था) and science propagating organization of 53 years standing felt that such innovative teachers across the state be brought together and they may be given an opportunity to present their methods before a large group of teachers. Accordingly three State Level Science and Mathematics Teachers` Congresses were held in November, 2016, December 2017and December 2018 at Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune and 70, 65 and 34 teachers participated in these Congresses respectively. The main themes of these Congresses were 'LEARNING SCIENCE BY DOING' in the year 2016 and 'EVALUATION' in the years 2017 and 2018. The participants were required to prepare the Research paper on the theme of the Congress and make its presentation in these Congresses.

Parallel sessions were held in more than one classroom wherein each participant was allocated 8 minutes time to present his/her Research Paper through Power Point Presentation or simple presentation without PPT, which was followed by question answers among the presenter and the evaluators and the other participants of the group for 2 minutes. In the end two teachers from each classroom were adjudged as the best teachers of the group and were awarded the Certificate of Merit. Further the best performer of each classroom was offered the internship for a period of 5 to 6 weeks in IISER, the entire cost of which was borne by IISER. Besides drawing the satisfaction of presenting their own innovative methods of teaching and evaluation, before such a large cross-section of teachers, the participants were immensely benefited by witnessing the teaching methods and of evaluation of other teachers. Considering the benefit drawn by all the participants and with a view to extend such benefit to more teachers, Marathi Vidnyan Parishad had decided to organize such a Congress for a total period of 5 years commencing from the year 2016. Accordingly, the Fourth State level Science and Mathematics Teachers' Congress will be held in on 24 December, 2019 at IISER, Pune.

The main theme of the Fourth Congress will be My Project on developing and evaluating capacity of original thinking among students and there are 7 sub themes under the main theme as under:

Main Theme - My Project on developing and evaluating capacity of original thinking among students

Persons who think originally show the following four traits:

1. They are very productive in generating ideas. They are tremendously imaginative. Sometimes they sit over an idea, brood over it, for a long time and then at a 'eureka' moment they burst with their idea.
2. They are very curious and keep asking questions after questions. They see things not in black and white, but in shades of grey. They do not mind contradictions in what they see or even argue. Their thinking is divergent; it is usually different from our conventional ideas.
3. They are strongly self-motivated, and are often competitive, sometimes aggressively so and sometimes not so aggressively.
4. They are confident about their ideas. They may not be the best communicators, but are very sure about their ideas. They often display leadership, but may sometimes be loners.

It may be noted that activities that require original thinking are of two types – 1.Problem solving and 2.Creating type. When teachers take up a project on developing and evaluating capacity of original thinking among their students, they should take into account the above four traits in the context of these two types.

The seven subthemes under the main theme can be grouped under these two types: Subthemes 1, 2, 6 and 7 are of the Problem Solving (including design) type. Subthemes 3, 4 and 5 belong to the Creating type (involving art forms like writing, drawing and acting). We provide below some suggestions-cum-guidelines about how the teachers may proceed to carry out a project under each of the subthemes. In no way it is compulsory for the teachers to follow the suggestions. They may have their own different ways of proceeding with the project.

Sub Themes

1. Conducting an outdoor activity

Here we should ensure students' participation right from selecting the outdoor location for the visit. The choice the students make may show their capacity for thinking. Your observations regarding - who shows greater interest in the visit, who is more curious, who asks more questions, whose observation skill is better, who is able to connect what is seen with other things, especially with those learnt previously, who is more imaginative, whether the inferences drawn by the students are relevant, accurate and unusual, whose thinking is more mature and different from the rest - will enable you to evaluate a student's ability to think originally. Similarly you may have good words to the students who show various abilities described above and motivate others to move in the right direction.

2. Designing an experiment

You may start asking the students to take up a subject which has not yet been a part of their studies and suggest an experiment on it. For example, students of Std VI or VII may be asked to suggest an experiment to check whether light travels in a straight line. You may form students' small groups, say of 3 to 4 per group, and give each group a subject for suggesting an experiment and actually carrying out the experiment. From this, you will be able to test various traits which indicate students' originality, namely, resourcefulness, ability to think logically, power of observation, ability to work with hands and practicality, capability of monitoring one’s own work and correcting mistakes, persistence, ability to work as a team, and leadership. You may encourage those who show promise with respect to and motivate the others to develop these traits.

3. Promoting a Role play

Make the students to think of and choose the role they wish to play. This will show their imagination and thinking power. Their presentation will allow you to examine their understanding of the theme of the role play and what is really the central issue, the quality of their resourcefulness, expression and acting, novelty and distinction of the presentation. You need to have encouraging comments for those who are trying and emphasize the above qualities of a good role play to the others.

4. Assigning the task of writing an essay on a given theme to a group of students (each consisting three to four students). The theme for each group will be different. For example, (i) If there was no friction, (ii) If we did not have the sense-organ for smell, and (iii) If there was no oxygen on the earth.

It is obvious from the subjects of the essays what is to be done. The unusualness of the subjects will trigger the students' imagination and studiousness. You must however check the correctness of what they write. You should ensure not only with this sub-theme but with all other sub-themes that the students do not just download information from the internet and use it in a 'copy-paste' mode.

5. Drawing cartoons to express scientific and Mathematical ideas

Here the subject the students choose for a cartoon and the way they represent it through the cartoon indicate their creativity. The student's drawing skill, feel for what is a cartoon and understanding of the central scientific idea are crucial. Do not forget to appreciate students who show promise and encourage others.

6. Using the domestic waste material to make low cost toys based on scientific / mathematical principles.

Again here it would be useful if one leaves to the students the choice of subjects of the toys they have to make. The choice will indicate the level of their understanding of the science behind the toy and their resourcefulness. You may, as in the case of Sub-theme 2, ask the students to work in small groups and take the project to completion. Following Sub-theme 2, here, too, you may judge and/or encourage the students’ original thinking.

7. Developing novel teaching aids / methods for students with special abilities.

This sub-theme will indeed be a challenge to the imagination and resourcefulness of the students. First of all, they will have to understand the difficulties faced by the persons with special abilities, in a way to enter their ‘bodies’. Only then they will be able to design and develop a method or an instrument for the specially abled. The evaluation part will be the same as in the case of Sub-themes 2 and 6.

Evaluation of the project: Evaluation of the project is necessary to know how effective the project has been. We may use pre- and post-tests for this purpose. The pre-test is for checking where the students are with respect to the ability to think originally before the project begins. After the pre-test the project is carried out with the students you select on any one of the seven sub-themes. On completion of the project you administer to the students the post-test. The post-test has to be similar to the pre-test, but not identical with it. The difference in the students' scores between the pre- and post-tests measures the effectiveness of your project. Designing the tests is your skill. You may also observe the students as the project is proceeding. You may prepare a scoring key keeping in mind the traits of original thinking. Each student doing the project may be given a score on various traits once before the project begins, once or twice while the project is going on and once after the project is over. When you monitor the students' progress through the observation schedule this way, you will be able to judge the effectiveness of the project. If a project is effective the students will show steady progress as the project moves on. You may use for evaluation either the pre- and post-test method or the observation method or both methods. Evaluation by you may be supplemented by students' self-evaluation. The observation schedule you prepare for monitoring the students' progress may be shared with the students who would score themselves on it. This will help them realize their own shortcomings and make up for them. Such techniques involving thinking about one's own thinking are critical to the development of one's ability to learn how to learn.

The Power Point Presentations made by the Resource Persons in the preparatory workshop held in Marathi Vidnyan Parishad (MVP), Mumbai and the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune on 4th and 10th May 2019 respectively for the Fourth State Level Science and Math Teachers' Congress can now be viewed by going to the following links.

Some of the Research Papers presented in the Third State Level Science and Math Teachers' Congress held in IISER, Pune on 26 December,2018 and the Guidelines for writing the Research Paper for the fourth State Level Science and Mathematics Teachers' Congress may be viewed by going to the following links.

The fourth State Level Science and Math Teachers' Congress will be held in IISER, Pune on 24th December 2019.The teachers desirous of participating in this Congress may send their Research Papers to the e-mail address till 31st October,2019. A printout (hard Copy) of the Research Paper may also be sent to the following address:
Marathi Vidnyan Parishad, Vidnyan Bhavan, V. N. Purav Marg, Sion-Chunabhatti, Mumbai 400022 Tel Nos. 2405 4714 2405 4768

Teachers may provide their following personal details at the end of their Research Paper:
1. Full Name 2.Male/Female 3.Place of Residence (only the name of the Village/Town/City with Tehsil and District may be indicated. Full address is not necessary) 4. The name of the institution where the teacher has been teaching 5. The class/es (standard) being taught 6. The subject/s being taught i.e. Science and/or Math 7. E-mail address 8. Tel No./Mob. No.

The teachers who have been selected for presentation of their Research Papers in the Congress will be intimated by e-mail only. There are no charges for participation in the Congress. The tea and Lunch arrangements for the participants of the congress will be made free of cost, on the day of Congress. The participants having their place of residence outside the limits of Pune Municipal Corporation will be eligible for reimbursement of travelling expenses for attending the Congress, as per rules. The stay and food arrangements will be made for a limited number of outstation participants (having place of residence beyond Pune Municipal Corporation) from the evening of 23rd December to the evening of 24th December 2019 in IISER hostels, free of cost.

For any doubt/clarification the teachers may contact Shri Prakash Modak, Mob. No. 9920329984 or send a mail to the mail address

Contact Us


Marathi Vidnyan Parishad
Vidnyan Bhavan,V.N.Purav Marg,
Sion - Chunabhatti, Mumbai 400 022,
Maharashtra State

Phone : 022-24054714, 24057268
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